Charlotte Brontë

Charlotte Brontë (April 21, 1816 - March 31, 1855) was a British author

Brontë was born at Thornton, in Yorkshire, England, the eldest surviving daughter of a clergyman, Patrick Brontë (who had changed his surname from Brunty or Prunty). In 1820, the family moved to the now world-famous rectory at Haworth, where the children created their own fantasy world which would inspire them to take up writing. Charlotte's mother died when she was five, and she was sent, with three of her four sisters, to a boarding school where the appalling conditions had a long-term effect on their health. Two of her sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, died.

In 1835, Charlotte returned to her former school to work as a teacher, a career in which she continued, on and off, for several years. In 1846, she and her two younger sisters, Anne and Emily published a joint collection of poetry, under male pseudonyms, Charlotte going by the name of Currer Bell.

Her novels are:

  • Jane Eyre, published 1847
  • Shirley, published 1849
  • Villette, published 1853
  • The Professor, published 1857

Branwell, the only son of the family, Emily and Anne all died within a few months of one another, of tuberculosis ("consumption") - exacerbated, in Branwell's case, by heavy drinking and a debauched lifestyle. Charlotte and her father were now left alone. In view of the enormous success of Jane Eyre, Charlotte was persuaded by her publisher to come to London, where she revealed her true identity and began to move in a more exalted social circle.

In 1854, Charlotte married Arthur Bell Nicholls, a curate. She died during her pregnancy and was interred in The Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Haworth, West Yorkshire, England.

This biography was taken verbatim from the Wikipedia. We're providing a snapshot just in case the Wikipedia servers were temporarily unreacheable. The original page is not only much more up-to-date, it also features links to other pages and sites. This snapshot was last updated: 08/19/2004. (mm/dd/yyyy)

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